Human Rights Day is observed by the international community every year on 10 December. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 and the formal inception of Human Rights Day dates from 1950, after the Assembly passed a resolution inviting all States and interested organisations to adopt 10 December of each year as Human Rights Day.
The theme for Human Rights Day 2015 is “Our Rights. Our Freedoms. Always”. In 2015, the focus is on “freedoms”. The four freedoms are:
Freedom from fear
Freedom from fear is listed as a fundamental human right according to The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A worldwide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor—anywhere in the world
Freedom of speech
Freedom of speech is the concept of the inherent human right to voice one’s opinion publicly without fear of censorship or punishment. Freedom of speech is the right to communicate one’s opinions and ideas without fear of government retaliation or censorship.
Freedom of worship
Freedom of religion is considered by many people and nations to be a fundamental human right. Freedom of religion is generally considered to mean that the government permits religious practices of other sects besides the state religion, and does not persecute believers in other faiths. Freedom of every person to worship God in his own way – everywhere in the world.
Freedom from want
Freedom from want means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants – everywhere in the world. It basically means to be in a situation where you don’t have to worry about such things as where your next meal is coming from, how you can clothe yourself and your children or get a roof over your head. Where everyone has the basic necessities in life.